Institut Régional de Formation aux Métiers de Rééducation et de Réadaptation des Pays de la Loire.
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Physical activity level and association with behavioral factors in knee osteoarthritis / Chloé Gay in Annals of physical and rehabilitation medicine, Vol. 62 n° 1 (January 2019)
[article] Physical activity level and association with behavioral factors in knee osteoarthritis [texte imprimé] / Chloé Gay, Auteur ; Candy Guiguet-Auclair, Auteur ; Charline Mourgues, Auteur . - 2019 . - p. 14-20.
Langues : Anglais (eng) Français (fre)
in Annals of physical and rehabilitation medicine > Vol. 62 n° 1 (January 2019) . - p. 14-20
Catégories : PATHOLOGIE
ÉpidémiologieÉtude de la distribution et des déterminants des états de santé et des maladies dans les populations humaines.
Thesaurus Santé Publique
Tags : Knee osteoarthritis Physical activity Exercise Epidemiology Behavior Résumé : Background: The effects of physical activity (PA) in disease prevention and therapy have well-known effects on lower-limb osteoarthritis (OA), decreasing pain and improving function.
Objective: We aimed to describe the level and factors affecting PA practices of people with knee OA.
Design: Prospective epidemiological study.
Setting: In all, 548 people with knee OA were interviewed by use of self-administered anonymous questionnaires.
Main outcome measurement: The main outcome was physical activity level evaluated by the International physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ) (short version). Secondary outcomes included sociodemographic and clinical data, comorbidities, and barriers to and facilitators of practicing regular PA evaluated by 24 specific elements.
Results: The mean (SD) age of the study population was 67.6 (7.9) years; 73.9% were women and 30.9% had obesity (mean [SD] body mass index [BMI] 28.2 [5.7] kg/m2). Multi-joint OA affected 92% of the population, and 71.6% had comorbidities. The mean (SD) visual analog scale score for pain intensity was 4.5/10 (2.5), which was 51.4% better than the patient acceptable symptom state (PASS). The mean (SD) Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index function score was 36.6/100 (20.7), which was 57.5% better than the PASS. In total, 67% of patients used analgesics, half of them at least once a week. According to the IPAQ, 42.6% of patients reported high, 38.6% moderate, and 18.8% low PA level; the median IPAQ total activity score was 2628 metabolic equivalent of task (MET)-min/week and time spent sitting was 257.1min/day. Only one third of participants received non-pharmacological treatment corresponding to the latest recommendations. Variables significantly related to inactive or minimally active PA levels were BMI (P =0.0294), sex (P =0.0008), and biomedical barriers, related to self-efficacy (P =0.0118).
Conclusions: The OA study population was less active, more sedentary, and had more comorbidities and more barriers to PA practice than the overall population.
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