Institut Régional de Formation aux Métiers de Rééducation et de Réadaptation des Pays de la Loire.
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Auteur Celia Godfrey
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Young adults perspectives on health-related quality of life after paediatric traumatic brain injury: A prospective cohort study / Nicholas P. Ryan in Annals of physical and rehabilitation medicine, Vol. 62 n° 5 (September 2019)
[article] Young adults perspectives on health-related quality of life after paediatric traumatic brain injury: A prospective cohort study [texte imprimé] / Nicholas P. Ryan, Auteur ; Kate Noone, Auteur ; Celia Godfrey, Auteur . - 2019 . - p. 342-350.
Langues : Anglais (eng) Français (fre)
in Annals of physical and rehabilitation medicine > Vol. 62 n° 5 (September 2019) . - p. 342-350
Catégories : SOCIOLOGIE
INFORMATION & COMMUNICATION
Tags : Cohort study Traumatic brain injury Quality of life Outcome Young adulthood Résumé : Background: Quality of life (QoL) is commonly affected in children and families living with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Despite the established link between childhood TBI and reduced health-related QoL (HRQoL), there is a dearth of longitudinal, prospective research to determine the prevalence and predictors of impaired HRQoL in the very long term post-injury.
Objectives: We evaluated HRQoL in young adult survivors of paediatric TBI at 15 years post-injury. We aimed to identify the prevalence of impaired HRQoL and the respective contribution of pre-injury, environmental, injury-related, cognitive and mood-based factors to various dimensions of HRQoL at 15 years post-injury.
Methods: This prospective study involved 52 young adult survivors of mild to severe TBI included from consecutive hospital admissions to the Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne, Australia between 1993 and 1997. Participants underwent neuropsychological evaluation and completed self-report measures of HRQoL, psychological functioning and social communication at 15 years post-injury.
Results: As compared with an age-matched Australian normative sample, the TBI group reported significantly poorer physical HRQoL at 15 years post-injury. Although group differences in other HRQoL domains did not reach statistical significance, 52% of the TBI group reported impaired functioning in at least one HRQoL domain. Contrary to expectations, HRQoL was not associated with injury severity, socioeconomic status, or pre-injury functioning. Instead, poorer HRQoL was linked to more severe depression symptoms, greater perceived social communication difficulty and reduced cognitive flexibility at 15 years post-injury.
Conclusions: A substantial proportion of young adult survivors of childhood TBI experience poor HRQoL in at least one domain of functioning at 15 years post-injury. These findings suggest that, even in the very long term post-injury, the identification and treatment of modifiable risk factors has potential to improve very-long-term HRQoL outcomes in this vulnerable population.
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