Institut Régional de Formation aux Métiers de Rééducation et de Réadaptation des Pays de la Loire.
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Auteur Isabel Tissieres
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Exploring auditory neglect: Anatomo-clinical correlations of auditory extinction / Isabel Tissieres in Annals of physical and rehabilitation medicine, Vol. 61 n° 6 (November 2018)
[article] Exploring auditory neglect: Anatomo-clinical correlations of auditory extinction [texte imprimé] / Isabel Tissieres, Auteur ; Sonia Crottaz-Herbette, Auteur ; Stephanie Clarke, Auteur . - 2018 . - p. 386-394.
Langues : Anglais (eng) Français (fre)
in Annals of physical and rehabilitation medicine > Vol. 61 n° 6 (November 2018) . - p. 386-394
Catégories : PATHOLOGIE
Tags : Anatomo-clinical correlations Auditory spatial processing Attention Unilateral spatial neglect Auditory extinction Résumé : Background: The key symptoms of auditory neglect include left extinction on tasks of dichotic and/or diotic listening and rightward shift in locating sounds. The anatomical correlates of the latter are relatively well understood, but no systematic studies have examined auditory extinction. Here, we performed a systematic study of anatomo-clinical correlates of extinction by using dichotic and/or diotic listening tasks.
Methods: In total, 20 patients with right hemispheric damage (RHD) and 19 with left hemispheric damage (LHD) performed dichotic and diotic listening tasks. Either task consists of the simultaneous presentation of word pairs; in the dichotic task, 1 word is presented to each ear, and in the diotic task, each word is lateralized by means of interaural time differences and presented to one side.
Results and conclusion: RHD was associated with exclusively contralesional extinction in dichotic or diotic listening, whereas in selected cases, LHD led to contra- or ipsilesional extinction. Bilateral symmetrical extinction occurred in RHD or LHD, with dichotic or diotic listening. The anatomical correlates of these extinction profiles offer an insight into the organisation of the auditory and attentional systems. First, left extinction in dichotic versus diotic listening involves different parts of the right hemisphere, which explains the double dissociation between these 2 neglect symptoms. Second, contralesional extinction in the dichotic task relies on homologous regions in either hemisphere. Third, ipsilesional extinction in dichotic listening after LHD was associated with lesions of the intrahemispheric white matter, interrupting callosal fibres outside their midsagittal or periventricular trajectory. Fourth, bilateral symmetrical extinction was associated with large parieto-fronto-temporal LHD or smaller parieto-temporal RHD, which suggests that divided attention, supported by the right hemisphere, and auditory streaming, supported by the left, likely play a critical role.
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