Institut Régional de Formation aux Métiers de Rééducation et de Réadaptation des Pays de la Loire.
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Auteur Mark M. Mañago
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Contributions of Ankle, Knee, Hip, and Trunk Muscle Function to Gait Performance in People With Multiple Sclerosis: A Cross-Sectional Analysis / Mark M. Mañago in Physical Therapy, Vol. 98 n° 7 (July 2018)
[article] Contributions of Ankle, Knee, Hip, and Trunk Muscle Function to Gait Performance in People With Multiple Sclerosis: A Cross-Sectional Analysis [texte imprimé] / Mark M. Mañago, Auteur ; Jeffrey R. Hebert, Auteur ; John Kittelson, Auteur . - 2018 . - p. 595-604.
Langues : Français (fre)
in Physical Therapy > Vol. 98 n° 7 (July 2018) . - p. 595-604
Catégories : PATHOLOGIE
Thesaurus Santé Publique
Cheville , Genou , Hanche
Résumé : Background: The relative importance of lower extremity and trunk muscle function to gait in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) is unknown.
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the association of lower extremity and trunk muscle function with gait performance in people who have MS and mild-to-moderate disability.
Design: This was a cross-sectional, observational study.
Methods: Participants were people who had an Expanded Disability Status Scale score of ≤ 5.5. Eleven lower extremity and trunk muscles were assessed using handheld dynamometry or endurance tests. Gait performance was assessed with the Timed 25-Foot (7.62 m) Walk (T25FW) and 6-Minute Walk Test (6MWT). Regression analysis was used to quantify the association between gait outcomes and muscle variables.
Results: Seventy-two participants with MS and a mean Expanded Disability Status Scale score of 3.5 (SD = 1.14) were enrolled. Adjusted for age and sex, the multivariate model including hip abduction, ankle plantar flexion, trunk flexion, and knee flexion explained 57% of the adjusted variance in the T25FW; hip abduction, ankle plantar flexion, and trunk flexion explained 61% of the adjusted variance in the 6MWT. The strongest predictors were ankle plantar flexion endurance for the T25FW and hip abduction strength for the 6MWT: a 1-SD increase in ankle plantar flexion (15.2 heel-raise repetitions) was associated with a 0.33-second reduction in the T25WT (95% CI = − 0.71 to − 0.14 seconds); a 1-SD increase in normalized hip abduction strength (0.14 kg/body mass index) was associated with a 54.4-m increase in the 6MWT (28.99 to 79.81 m).
Limitations: Different measurement scales for independent variables were included because the muscle function assessment used either force or endurance.
Conclusions: For the major muscles in the lower extremity and trunk, hip abduction, ankle plantar flexion, trunk flexion, and knee flexion were the strongest predictors of gait performance.
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